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Did you know that by the age of 50, approximately half of the men on earth, experience male pattern hair loss often called (MPB). However hair loss or thinning is also known as alopecia. If your hair loss is do to hormones (androgens) and genetics, is also called androgenetic alopecia, or male pattern alopecia. In most cases it has been discovered that male pattern alopecia is characterized by a receding hairline and or hair loss on the top or crown of the head.
In women this symptom is commonly known as female pattern alopecia, which is also known as the thinning hair on the vertex or top of the scalp. In women the hair loss is normally not that severe, although it can be. There are many other factors that has to be taken into consideration when it comes to hair loss in women.
In the majority of the cases male pattern hair loss or baldness is an inherited condition which is caused by a genetically determined sensitivity to the effects of hihydrotestosterone, or DHT. According to scientific studies DHT is believed to shorten the growth, or anagen, phase of the hair cycle, causing miniaturization of the follicles, and producing progressively finer hairs. The production of DHT is regulated by an enzyme called 5-alpha reductase.
Another interesting fact is male pattern hair loss normally occurs in most men who are genetically predisposed to be more sensitive to the effects of DHT. Just recently researchers have stated that the condition can be inherited from either the mother or the fathers side of the family.
Male pattern hair loss affects approximately 50% of men at one point or another in their lives. It affects various populations at different rates, this is do to genetics. a little more than half of male Caucasians will experience some degree of hair thinning or hair loss by the age of 50, while other population groups such as Japanese and Chinese men are far less affected.
FPB or Androgenetic Alopecia is considered a genetic condition that results in permanent hair loss in females. Scientist have claimed that FPB is a result of hormonal activity. It has been found that the testosterone located in the scalp breaks down, creating Dihydrotestosterone also known as (DHT). DHT then causes the hair follicle to weaken and ultimately perish. The conversion from testosterone to DHT is driven by an enzyme called 5-alpha reductase, which is produced in the prostate, various adrenal glands, and in the scalp. Over time, the action of DHT causes the hair follicle to degrade and shortens the anagen phase.
Although the follicle is technically still alive and connected to a good blood supply–it can successfully nurture a transplanted follicle which is immune to the effects of DHT–it will grow smaller and smaller until it is eventually gone. Some follicles will gradually die, but most will simply shrink to the size they were when you were born which produce weaker strands of hairs. With a steady shorter growing cycle, more hairs are shed, the hair is becoming thinner and thinner until they are too fine to survive daily wear and tear. Balding hair gradually changes from long, thick, coarse, pigmented hair into fine sprouts. This is the case in the majority of situations.
Female pattern hair loss usually begins somewhere around the age of 30, and becomes noticeable around the age of 40, and may be even more noticeable after menopause in some cases. Female hair loss in most cases, is usually an overall thinning — two hairs where five used to be–rather than a bald area on top of the head, although women may have a receding hairline, too. It is estimated that approximately 20 million American women experience such hair loss as I have previously mentioned. Hair loss in both men and women has been found to be partly genetic and partly hormonal.
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